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Senin, 28 November 2011

narrative text


NARRATIVE TEXTS



Jenis teks berupa cerita atau dongeng yang bertujuan menghibur pembaca.  Ciri utama teks narrative adalah terdapatnya masalah (atau hal yang dianggap masalah atau pelik) dan langkah yang diambil untuk merespon masalah tersebut—ini umumnya berupa solusi atau penyelesaian. Konten teks narrative dapat berupa cerita khayalan atau kisah nyata  yang mendapatkan bumbu-bumbu perekayasa.  

Teks narrative umumnya memiliki struktur:
- orientation, pendahuluan atau pembuka berupa pengelanalan tokoh, waktu, dan tempat.
- complication/crisis, pengembangan konflik atau pemunculan masalah.
- resolution, penyelesaian konflik atau langkah yang diambil untuk merespon masalah.
- reorientation, penutup—ungkapan-ungkapan yang menunjukkan cerita sudah berakhir, ini sifatnya opsional.
- coda, perubahan yang terjadi pada tokoh dan pelajaran yang dapat dipetik dari cerita; sifatnya opsional.


The Lost Ring

Many years ago a lady who lived in a big house in Wales lost her best ring. One of the servants must have stolen it. She was worried about what her husband, who was away at the time, would sy. The ring had cost a great deal of money. She knew that she had to find it before her husband returned.
‘What am  I going to do?’ She asked her friends.
‘Send for Robin Ddu,’ they told her. ‘He is the wisest man in Wales.’
So she sent for the wizard Robin Ddu. He came at once.
‘Do not worry,’ he told her. ‘We shall soon find the missing ring.’
He asked that all the servants be gathered in one large room. As they came in, he studied them. But he could tell nothing from their faces.
Then he asked for a live cock and cooking pot that things were brought to him. He put the cock on the table and covered it with the cooig pot. Next he closed the curtains so that the room was almost dark.
‘Now,’ he said, ‘each of you must walk past the table and place your thumb for a moment on the cooking pot. The cock will crow if the thief touches it.
All the servants did as what they are told. But the cock never crowed.
Robin Ddu opened the curtain.
‘The thief cannot be here,’ the lady said.
‘I think he is,’ answered the wizard.
He asked the servants to show him their thumbs. The first servant held out his thumb . It was black with soot from the bottom of the cooking pot. So were the thumbs of the other servants – all but one.
‘There is the thief,’ Robind Ddu told the lady. The one who was afraid that the cock might crow.’
1. Where did the story take place?
a. In a ingdom in Wales
b. In a small house in Wales
c. In a house of a rich family in Wales
d. In a house of a wizard in Wales

2. What is the problem with the lady?
a. She wanted to know what happened.
b. She wanted to find her lost ring.
c. She was afraid of her husband.
d. She wanted to live with the wizard, Robin Ddu.

3. What can we learn from the text?
a. Rich people can buy everything they want.
b. Wealthy means everything.
c. Wizards can do everything.
d. People will feel afraid if they are dishonest.



The Clever Judge

Once upon a time, a lion, a fox and a donkey set off for a day’s hunting. They made an agreement to have an equal shaare of what was caught. After a time, they were able to kill a fat buck. The lion asked the donkey to divide the prize. The obliging donkey cut up the buck into three equal parts then invited the lion to take his choice.
This made the lion so furious and killed the donkey with his powerful blow.
Then the lion told the fox to divide the meat. The fox was cunning. He put a side a big heap ……….( 1 ) the lions re, and kept only a small piece for himself.
On seeing this, the lion ……………… ( 2 ) and said “Master fox, this needs the most satisfactory divisor. Who taught you to be so clever?
“The dead donkey has been my teacher,“ replied the fox. “From ……….. ( 3 ) foolish conduct I have learned to be wise.

1. a. for                        b. to                 c. in                 d. on

2. a. thought very happy                     c. looked very pleased
    c. seemed very angry                      d. looked very disappointed

3. a. his                        b. him              c. himself         d. he


One morning, there was a tiger who woke up and just felt great. He felt so good, he went out and cornered a small monkey and roared at him. “Who is the mightest of all the jungle animals?” The poor little monkey replied, “You are of course, no one is mightier than you”.
A little while lter, this tiger confronted a deer and bellowed out. “ Who is the gretest and strongest of all the jungle nimal?” The deer was shaking so hrd it almost could not spea, but managed to say, “Oh great tiger, you are by far the mightest animal in the jungle.”.
The tiger wlked proudly to an elephant that was quietly eating some weeds and roared at the top his voice, “Who is the mighties of all the animals in the jungle?”
Then this elephant grabbed the tiger with his trunk, picked him up, slamed him down, picked him up again and shook him until the tiger was just a blur of orange and black. Finally, the elephant threw him violently into a nearby tree. The tiger staggered to his feet and looed at the elephant and said, “Man , just because you don’t know the answer, you don’t have to get so angry!”

1. What did the elephant do to tiger with his trunk?
a. Grabbed him.
b. Answered his question
c. Distrubed him
d. Confronted him

2. “……….picked him up gain and shook….” (paragraph 4).
The underlined word refers to …….
a. elephant
b. tiger
c. monkey
d. deer

3. What can we learn from the text?
a. We may not get easily angry to ourselves.
b. We may not be dishonest of ourselves.
c. We may not be silly of ourselves.
d. We may not be boasful.

4. From the story above we know that ……
a. a tiger ws the greatest and strongest animal.
b. all of the animals were afraid of the tiger.
c. the elephnt was stronger than the tiger.
d. the tiger was afraid of the elephant

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